DHS has been conducting spot inspections of detention facilities. Conditions that may warrant additional inspections include increases in UAC apprehensions that result in many UAC being held in CBP facilities longer than 72 hours and credible allegations of
DHS employee misconduct. During one routine spot inspection, DHS observed that CBP personnel did not properly segregate a UAC with a communicable disease. They also did not ensure that food and water were readily available. CBP agents working at that time were unfamiliar with the protocol for dealing with UAC resulting in the above failures. A second inspection of the facility a week later was required. During the subsequent inspection, food and water were readily available and the station had addressed all issues from the previous spot inspection and only CBP employees familiar with UAC were assigned to that facility. DHS has promised to continue monitoring the welfare of UAC and conducting spot checks of CBP facilities for compliance with protocol. Border Patrol apprehensions of UAC declined three fold since June 2014, from over 10,000 detainees per month to a little over 3,000/month in the subsequent months. Only a limited number of CBP facilities are processing UAC. CBP personnel are transferring most UAC to appropriate Health and Human Services (HHS) housing within 6 hours.
As of 2014, immigrant women slightly outnumber immigrant men in the United States. Nearly half of all immigrant women are naturalized U.S. citizens. Immigrant women number more than 20 million in the U.S. today, and are making their presence felt in U.S. society. More than a quarter of immigrant women have a bachelor’s degree or even higher education. On average, 56.4 percent of foreign-born women were in the labor force in 2012, compared to 59.2 percent of native-born women. Of all employed women in the United States, 15 percent are foreign-born women. Immigrant women can be found working in every field, with one-third being in management and professional occupations, nearly a third work in service occupations and a little less than a quarter work in sales and office occupations. Clearly, the economic contributions of immigrant women are important to the U.S. economy.